中国胸心血管外科临床杂志

中国胸心血管外科临床杂志

79 例完全无管化机器人纵隔肿物切除术回顾性分析研究

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目的 分析研究达芬奇机器人纵隔肿物切除手术完全无管化(totally no tube,TNT)的可行性及其对加速康复外科的重要意义。 方法 纳入 2016 年 1 月至 2017 年 12 月期间在沈阳军区总医院行 TNT 机器人纵隔肿物切除手术的患者 79 例,作为 TNT 组;纳入 2014 年 1 月至 2017 年 12 月期间在沈阳军区总医院行机器人纵隔肿物切除手术的患者 35 例,同期行胸腔镜纵隔肿物切除手术的患者 54 例,分别作为非 TNT 组和电视辅助胸腔镜手术(video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery,VATS)组。回顾性分析三组患者的肌肉松弛-气管插管/喉罩时间、手术时间、术中出血量、术后重症监护时间、术后住院时间、术后疼痛视觉模拟评分(visual analogue scale,VAS)、住院费用及术后并发症等相关指标。 结果 168 例患者手术皆成功完成,无中转开胸、围手术期无严重并发症(共 9 例患者出现术后并发症)及死亡患者,所有患者顺利出院。TNT 组与非 TNT 组对比,肌肉松弛-气管插管/喉罩时间、手术时间、术中出血量、术后次日 VAS 疼痛评分、重症监护时间、术后住院时间方面 TNT 组均明显少于非 TNT 组(P<0.01),两组住院总费用差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。非 TNT 组与 VATS 组对比,肌肉松弛-气管插管时间、手术时间、重症监护时间差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),在术中出血量、术后次日 VAS 疼痛评分、术后连续 3 d 胸引液量、术后带管时间、术后住院时间方面非 TNT 组优于 VATS 组(P<0.05),但非 TNT 组住院费用明显较高(P=0.000)。 结论 达芬奇机器人用于治疗纵隔肿物与胸腔镜手术相比安全性相当,在机器人手术基础上行完全无管化也是安全可靠的,具有更好的舒适度、疼痛更轻、重症监护及住院时间更短等优势,患者能更快恢复。

Objective To analyze the feasibility of totally no tube (TNT) in da Vinci’s robot mediastinal mass surgery and its significance for fast track surgery. Methods A total of 79 patients receiving robotic mediastinal TNT surgery in the Shenyang Military Region General Hospital from January 2016 to December 2017 were enrolled as a TNT group; 35 patients receiving robotic mediastinal surgery in Shenyang Military Region General Hospital from January 2014 to December 2017 and 54 patients receiving thoracoscopic mediastinal surgery during the same period were enrolled as a non-TNT group and a video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) group. Retrospective analysis of the three groups of patients with muscle relaxation and tracheal intubation/laryngeal masking time, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative intensive care time, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS), hospital costs and postoperative complications and other related indicators. Results Surgeries were successfully completed in 168 patients with no transfer to open the chest, serious complications (postoperative complications in 9 patients) or death during the perioperative period. All patients were discharged. Compared with the non-TNT group, TNT group was significantly less than TNT group in terms of muscle relaxation-tracheal intubation/laryngeal masking time, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, VAS pain score, intensive care time, postoperative hospital stay (P<0.01), there was no significant difference in the total cost of hospitalization between the two groups (P>0.05). Compared with the VATS group, there was no significant difference in time of muscle socket and tracheal intubation, operation time and intensive care time between non-TNT group and VATS group (P>0.05). The non-TNT group was superior to the VATS group (P<0.05) in terms of intraoperative blood loss, VAS pain scores on the following day after operation, chest priming volume on the third consecutive day, postoperative catheterization time, and postoperative hospital stay (P<0.05). The cost of hospitalization in the TNT group was significantly higher (P=0.000). Conclusion The da Vinci robot is safe parity and feasible comparing thoracoscopic surgery for the treatment of mediastinal masses. At the same time, it is also safe and reliable to have a completely uncontrolled body on the basis of robotic surgery. With better comfort, less pain, intensive care and shorter hospital stay, patients can recover faster.

关键词: 达芬奇机器人; 电视胸腔镜; 完全无管化; 纵隔肿物

Key words: da Vinci Robot; video-assisted thoracoscope; totally no tube; mediastinal tumor

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