中国胸心血管外科临床杂志

中国胸心血管外科临床杂志

心上联合径路治疗婴幼儿心上型完全性肺静脉异位引流 47 例

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目的 总结婴幼儿心上型完全性肺静脉异位引流的早期诊断和应用心上联合径路手术治疗经验。 方法 2011 年 9 月至 2017 年 9 月,我院共完成 47 例婴幼儿心上型完全性肺静脉异位引流的手术治疗,其中男 34 例,女 13 例,年龄 3 d~1 岁,平均(3.5±2.6)个月,体质量 2.67~8 kg,平均(4.9±1.2)kg。所有患者均由超声心动图确诊。所有患者均在全麻中度低温体外循环下行矫治术,均采用左心房顶部切口,心上联合径路行手术治疗。 结果 全组手术顺利,术后死亡 2 例,围手术期死亡率 4.3%。随访 45 例,随访时间 6 个月~6 年,随访期均行心电图检查、心脏超声、胸部 X 线片。所有患儿心电图示窦性节律,心影较术前明显缩小,肺充血消失,心功能明显好转,吻合口血流速度正常。 结论 婴幼儿心上型完全性肺静脉异位引流病情危重,早期诊断、心上联合径路手术效果良好。手术成功的关键在于吻合口足够大,充分利用左心耳扩大吻合口,避免术后肺静脉回流梗阻。

关键词: 完全性肺静脉异位引流; 先天性心脏病; 外科手术

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